Redundancy and rewiring of genetic networks following genome-wide duplication events

Polyploidy or whole-genome duplication is a frequent phenomenon within the plant kingdom and has been associated with the occurrence of evolutionary novelty and increase in biological complexity. Because genome-wide duplication events duplicate whole molecular networks it is of interest to investigate how these networks evolve subsequent to such events. Although genome duplications are generally followed by massive gene loss, at least part of the network is usually retained in duplicate and can rewire to execute novel functions. Alternatively, the network can remain largely redundant and as such confer robustness against mutations. The increasing availability of high-throughput data makes it possible to study evolution following whole genome duplication events at the network level. Here we discuss how the use of omics data in network analysis can provide novel insights on network redundancy and rewiring and conclude with some directions for future research.

De Smet, R., Van de Peer, Y. (2012) Redundancy and rewiring of genetic networks following genome-wide duplication events. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 15(2):168-76.

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