Translation initiation site prediction on a genomic scale: beauty in simplicity.

The correct identification of Translation Initiation Sites (TIS) remains a challenging problem for computational methods that automatically try to solve this problem. Furthermore, the lion's share of these computational techniques focuses on the identification of TIS in transcript data. However, in the gene prediction context the identification of TIS occurs on the genomic level, which makes things even harder because at the genome level many more pseudo-TIS occur, resulting in models that achieve a higher number of false positive predictions.
In this paper, we evaluate the performance of several "simple" TIS recognition methods at the genomic level, and compare them to state-of-the-art models for TIS prediction in transcript data. We conclude that the simple methods largely outperform the complex ones at the genomic scale, and we propose a new model for TIS recognition at the genome level that combines the strengths of these simple models. The new model obtains a false positive rate of 0.125 at a sensitivity of 0.80 on a well annotated human chromosome (chromosome 21). Detailed analyses show that the model is useful, both on its own and in a simple gene prediction setting.

Saeys, Y., Abeel, T., Degroeve, S., Van de Peer, Y. (2007) Translation initiation site prediction on a genomic scale: beauty in simplicity. Bioinformatics 23(13):i418-23.









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